The incandescent light bulb has been around since the late 1800s, but the venerable technology’s dominance seems just about over.  On January 1, 2014, in keeping with a law passed by Congress in 2007, the old familiar tungsten-filament 40- and 60-watt incandescent light bulbs can no longer be manufactured in the U.S., because they don’t meet federal energy-efficiency standards.

It’s the last part of a gradual phase-out that began in 2012 with 100-watt bulbs, and progressed last year with discontinuation of the 75-watt variety. But this final stage is the most significant, according to  Noah Horowitz, a senior scientist at the Natural Resources Defense Council, a Washington, D.C.-based environmental organization. “The 40s and 60s represent more than 50 percent of the [consumer lighting] market,” he said.

Until the supplies run out, the old bulbs still will be available on store shelves, alongside the electricity-saving alternatives that gradually will replace them, according to Paul Molitor, an assistant vice-president of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association, an Arlington, Va.-based industry group.  Those new choices include compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs, and updated higher-efficiency versions of the incandescent bulb that use halogen gas to slow down deterioration of the tungsten filament.

The impending demise of the familiar old-fashioned light bulb has generated a backlash among some who see it as taking away consumers’ free choice. (The conservative Heritage Foundation, for example, has proclaimed that “The Government’s Taking Away Your Light Bulbs on Jan. 1.”) But despite that, a recent public-opinion survey commissioned by lighting manufacturer Osram Sylvania indicates that only three in ten consumers intend to hoard supplies of the old bulbs and stick with them. Instead, most people say they’ll switch to one of the newer lighting technologies. About half of Americans will switch to CFLs, while a quarter envision using the newer LEDs. (See related post: “Efficient Light Bulb Study Generates Heated Debate.”)

NEMA spokesman Molitor said that the impending disappearance of conventional low-efficiency incandescent lights isn’t really going to be a big deal to consumers, who already are moving to the new technologies. Prices of 60-watt equivalent compact fluorescent lights, for example, have dropped in price to the point where they’re comparable to the old lower-efficiency conventional incandescent bulbs, and the newer technologies provide the same amount of light—measured in units called lumens—while utilizing fewer watts of electricity.  “Truthfully, most people aren’t really going to notice,” he said.

NRDC’s Horowitz agreed. “These new bulbs look and act the same,” he said. “There’s really no reason to hoard, unless you want to pay a little more on your electric bill.” (See related interactive: “Light Bulb Savings Calculator.”)

Both Molitor and Horowitz expect to see continued growth of LEDs, which emit light by transmitting electricity between two different semiconducting materials, and promise dramatic boosts in both energy efficiency and durability. (A 2012 paper by manufacturer General Electric claimed that its LED bulbs, in addition to using only a quarter of the electricity required by conventional incandescent bulbs, have a lifespan of 22 years, and can “virtually light a child’s bedroom desk lamp from birth through college graduation.”)

Though LEDs are still several times as expensive as the old incandescent bulbs, they’re dropping rapidly in price. “In 2012, they were about $40 apiece, but now you can get ones that cost $10,” Horowitz said. (See related post: “Green Fridays, Smart Lighting and More: How National Geographic Cuts Its Energy Use.“)

LEDs still only make up less than one percent of the consumer lighting market, but “in last half of 2013, sales of LEDs have really blossomed,” Molitor said.

Both experts also saw a continued market for high-efficiency incandescent light bulbs. Incandescent halogen bulbs now provide around 18 lumens per watt—not as efficient as their CFL and LED counterparts, which can achieve 55-100 lumens per watt, but much better than the old 60-watt incandescents at 13-15 lumens per watt. Horowitz predicted that halogen manufacturers eventually may be able to achieve more twice the efficiency than they can get now. “Theoretically, there’s no reason they couldn’t hit 45 lumens per watt,” he said.

What do you think about the phase-out? Vote below and comment.


  1. Frank DiFalco
    Jacksonville, Florida
    January 14, 2015, 12:49 am

    Good Robert E. All of that mercury that will go into landfills because of EG’s (and they certainly will go to landfills) will go a long way to saving the planet! Environmentalists are people who want to run other people’s lives.

  2. John
    Napa, CA
    January 5, 2015, 8:23 pm

    I am 77 and do not have an “in the long run”. Rather am trying to survive my old age in the short run. However I have switched some 10+ traditional track light 75w flood in my kitchen ceiling 20′ off the floor because I cannot afford to pay someone to get up to that ceiling every few months to replace burn out bulbs. For most it is a matter of short term budgets (or actual ability to pay) versus long term savings.

  3. Ken Bryant
    United States
    November 20, 2014, 1:16 am

    Forced Obamacare…I could pay for a house for what I now pay for health insurance-mandatory seat belts in cars but not on buses…? Forced change in pressure treated lumber..the “safer” pressure treated wood…that will eat quarter size holes in aluminum when in contact with it but will warp and twist when exposed to weather and will irritate your skin and nasal passages. Now the bulbs-I like the old school incandescent bulbs-I despise flouescent type lighting-Run the numbers…did you know the least expensive bulb you will be able to buy now will still take 2/3 of the power an incandescent bulb uses and the bulb will cost 20-30 times more than an incandescent bulb used to cost…is any of this really for the better? What happened to freedom of choice. I’m tired of all these “better ways” being shoved down our throats. God is always the same yesterday-today and forever more! Praise His name!

  4. Don Burke
    November 19, 2014, 7:31 am

    I have been using the CFLs for years and am now replacing the CFLs with LEDs as the CFLs fail.

    I’ve seen some ballast failures with the CFLs and that is the primary reason for the change to LEDs. The CFLs also tend to make radio noise, which I find annoying.

    Either CFL or LED lighting makes a big difference on my electric bill in the summer. In the winter it is not so obvious.

  5. Mike
    November 10, 2014, 1:26 pm

    I love the new bulbs, they do not generate heat, cost less to have on, and last longer. The cost per bulb is higher and I understand people who are on limited incomes may not have the cash to switch. if you do have the cash to switch, its worth it. For years I would use a trouble light to work on my car. Almost every time I was working I would burn my face on the light while trying to illuminate what I was working on and see up close (yea old). Now with the new lights I can have all the light and no heat! I dont have to worry about burning my face or have car oil drip on the light and ignite or smoke. Those days are gone.

  6. Robert E
    October 25, 2014, 2:51 pm

    I love it, JENNIFER YEARWOOD – “ANOTHER EG OF THE US FORCING ITS WILL ON THE PLANET”. No the EG’s are trying to save the planet. Your will is the one that is being forced upon the planet. Pillage and plunder with no concern about future generations – because you are to cheap to care. p.s. LED’s will save you much money in the long run.

  7. Rodney Jones
    King of Prussia, Pa.
    October 8, 2014, 7:59 am

    I like the idea of LED and florescent lightning and would use them. They can be costly but do pay for themselves over time. My only concern is where aesthetics are involved as in the case of a chandelier. I wouldn’t want an LED light to spoil the overall look and if one burned out, I would feel the need to replace all of them.

  8. Paul K.
    Biloxi MS.
    September 14, 2014, 10:51 pm

    I have enough incandescent bulbs to last a while. I’ve stored about 60 light bulbs right now. As long as I can get them I’ll buy them. Those in government always want to control every aspect of your life.

  9. Drew
    September 12, 2014, 9:26 am

    The future is LED . CFL’s in current state are unreliable and prone to failure. They contain mercury in many cases and generally disposed of incorrectly. I prefer incandescent for many uses. The pay back is not as stated on the CFL’s and they do fail prematurely some times as quick as incandescent. $3 each vs .18 .. takes on different light when they fail at same time frame. Halogen is a quick fix to the disapearing incandescent while we wait for affordable LED which seem to be dropping every month.

  10. Bob R
    Nashville, Tn
    August 10, 2014, 1:06 pm

    I switched out all of my light bulbs for the efficient CFL bulbs a few years ago but got a scare this week. One of them above the medicine chest began to flicker and then very strong smelling smoke appeared. I was able to look up into the glass surrounding the bulb and the base was white hot and appeared to be about to catch fire. When it cooled off I saw that the base was burned dark brown and I discovered that there is in fact a fire hazard with these bulbs after researching it on the internet. I had no idea there was a safety concern until it happened in my own house and now I can’t change them out for the old bulbs because you can’t buy them anymore. That’s very upsetting.